There are several types of shingles that then have subcategories under them. Each type of shingle or roof material provides its own strengths and weaknesses. The basic asphalt shingle comes in several different varieties that vary in strength and longevity. Metal roofs tend to last a long time and they reflect heat from the sun effectively. The most common residential shingle is the asphalt shingle. It is used on many suburban homes because it is easy to install, maintain, repair, and replace. The most common problem with asphalt shingles is hail damage. Most roof styles will be vulnerable to hail, and even other elements as they age. Wood shingles tend to be more durable, but as a natural material they require more maintenance. The right shingle for you comes down to preference of aesthetics and what kind of investment you are looking to make on your roof. Some more expensive shingles will last longer than cheaper ones, while others may come in more preferable styles.